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ALEXANDER, John Henry (1812-1867).\nAN HISTORICAL AND EXCEPTIONALLY IMPORTANT ARCHIVE OF ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT\nMAPS OF MARYLAND, BY THE FIRST OFFICIAL STATE ENGINEER, AND INCLUDING A\nCOMPLETE SET OF PRELIMINARY STATES OF HIS COUNTY MAPS AND HIS GENERAL\nMAP OF THE STATE OF MARYLAND. Baltimore: 1833-1837. 11 individual maps, of varying sizes, including 9 original manuscript maps drawn in pen and ink, pencil and ink wash on wove paper, of the State of Maryland, and of the existing 20 counties, and the Western Shore of Chesapeake Bay, and two lithographed maps of the proposed creations of Howard and Carroll Counties in 1837 and 1838 respectively.\nProvenance: Probable gift of Mrs Phillip T. Tyson to the Maryland Academy of Sciences in January of 1878; deposited at the Enoch Pratt Free Library, Baltimore from 1937, with their ink stamp in the lower corner and their 20th-century shelfmarks.\nJohn Alexander was only 21, and newly graduated from St. John’s College in Annapolis when he was commissioned by the General Assembly of Maryland to “examine and collect information, and report to the next General Assembly a plan and drawing for a complete Map of Maryland and to make such surveys as may be required for the purpose of exhibiting the prominent geographical and topographical features of the country, and also to collect such statistical information as will be useful”.\nHIS IS THE FIRST CENTRALISED, COMPREHENSIVE, CO-ORDINATED AND SCIENTIFIC SURVEY OF THE STATE OF MARYLAND\nAlexander’s extraordinary achievements lay largely unrecognised until 1861, when the U.S. Army needed a good map of the area surrounding Washington to mount defenses during the Civil War.\nPhilip T. Tyson was the state Agricultural Chemist for Maryland, and in 1859 he published the kind of detailed geological map that Alexander’s original partner Professor J. T. Ducatel, professor of chemistry in the Medical Department of the Maryland University, had been striving for in the 1830s. It is understood that the maps in this collection were part of a gift made by Tyson’s widow to the to the Maryland Academy of Sciences in January of 1878. For a complete description of these maps, or more information about any items in this catalog, please contact our auction department at auctions@aradernyc.com
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